HS 467 : Indian Philosophy

Reading Material for portion of Dr. P. R. Bhat

Sankhya

Yoga

Vaisheshika

Nyaya

Mimamsa

Jainism

Topics That Are Generally Covered:

The course would cover major philosophical issues from Vedas, Upanisads, Gita and the Theist and Atheist Schools of thought in Indian Philosophy.

The metaphysical, epistemological and the ethical issues will be discussed in the class.

The different schools that will be discussed would be:

Carvaka

Jainism

Buddhism

Nyaya-Vaishesika

Sankhya-Yoga

Purva-Mimamsa

Uttara-Mimamsa

(i) Advaita

(ii) VishistaDvaita

(iii) Dvaita

More Details:

In Vedas, we do cover the concepts of One and Many; the metaphysical foundation for the phenomenological view of the reality.

In Upanisads, we primarily discuss the Atman, and Brahman concepts along with the concept of the world.

In Gita, we discuss the issue of the relationship among Knowledge, Faith and Action. The three paths to liberation: Jnana Marga, Karma Marga and Bhakti Marga are discussed. We also deal with the concept of soul, swadharma, svabhava. The role of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas too are discussed.

In Carvaka System:

Carvaka Epistemology, i.e., empirical approach is discussed.

Carvaka arguments against anumana and Jaina criticism of Carvaka argument.

Carvaka concept of reality: earth, water, fire and air are discussed.

Carvaka rejection of purusarthas, soul and God are discussed.

Carvaka ethics and the concept of sushiksita carvaka is discussed.

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Jainism

Jaina concept of relative knowledge and absolute knowledge.

Naya Vada, Syadvada and Anekantavada.

Jaina Metaphysical Categories: Jiva and Ajiva.

Jaina Ethics. Thriratnas.

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Buddhism

The Four Noble Truths.

Pratityasamutpada, the Wheel of Causation.

The Eight Fold Path.

The concept of No Soul.

Schools of Buddhism.

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Sankhya

The concept of Guna. Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.

The Evolution.

The concept of Purusa and Liberation.

Satkaryavada.

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Yoga

Raja yoga.

Proofs for the existence of God.

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Nyaya

Nyaya Epistemology: Ordinary and Extra-ordinary perceptions.

Anumana, the inference.

Fallacies of Inference.

Upamana.

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Vaishesika

The Categories.

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Purva Mimamsa

The concepts of Swatahpramanyavada and Paratahpramanyavada.

Six Pramanas: Pratyaksha, Anumana, Upamana, Shabdha, Arthapatti and Anupalabdhi.

The theories of Error: Akyativada and Viparitakyativada.

The theory of Action and Liberation.

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Vedanta: Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita.

Advaita:

The definition of reality.

The concept of Nirguna Brahman.

The concept of Maya.

The concept of Jiva.

The concept of libration and the path to liberation.

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Vishistadvaita

The criticism of Advaita.

Unity in Difference.

The concept of Saguna Brahman.

Knowledge and Action.

The concept of liberation.

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Dvaita

The concept of Difference as Essence.

The Difference among: soul-soul; soul-God; soul-matter etc.

The concept of Liberation.

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Indian Philosophy by Radhakrishnan (in 2 volumes)

History of Indian Philosophy by S. N. Dasgupta (in 5 volumes)

A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy by C. D. Sharma

Essentials of Indian Philosophy by M. Hiriyanna

Outlines of Indian Philosophy by M. Hiriyanna

Indian Philosophy by Chetterjee and Datta

Presuppositions of India's Philosophies by K. H. Potter

Indian Philosophy and Religion

Indian Philosophy and Religion
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