HS 429 : Sociology of Science

Socio-cultural bases of knowledge and science.  Conceptions of science: positivistic, realistic, Weberian and forms of conventionalism.  

Theory of scientific creativity: Mertonian normative structure of science (and Mitroff's counter norms), notions of creativity of Kuhn, Mulkay, Koestler and Holton.

Discoveries: singleton and multiples.  scientism, anti-science movements, views, reflections and institutions, science and religion relations.

Socio-economic and cultural aspects of scientific and technological revolution.  Science and technology, conceptual distinction reconsidered, and relations between science and technology.

Texts/References

R.K. Merton, Sociology of Science, Theoretical and Empirical Investigations, University of Chicago Press, 1973.

R. Keat, and J. Urry, Social Theory as Science, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975.

M.J. Mulkay, Science and Sociology of Knowledge, George Allen and Unwin, 1981.

R. Dahrendorf et.al. (eds.), Scientific-Technological Revolution: Social Aspects, Sage Studies in International Sociology, 8, ISA, 1982.

W. Krohn et.al. (eds.), The Dynamics of Science and Technology, D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1978.