HS 602: Science and Technology in 's Development

Growth of S & T and their relationship to economy and social relations in the ancient and medieval India- Introduction of modern S & T in India in the colonial era - Development of S & T and their relationship to socio-economic systems in the post-independence period; alternative models -Emergence of big science and technology and their role in economic growth through industrialization.

The current adoption of high technology, which is largely imported, in not only raising productivity levels and rates of growth in different sectors, but also in shaping the structure of the economy and social relations-Technology transfer from foreign firms and plight of indigenous technology competing with imported technology-Technology absorption and assimilation by Indian firms - The emergence of dual society.

Debates on technology choice - Issues of high vrs. appropriate technology - technology for basic needs, for the conquest of hunger and unemployment, to overcome resources constraints, for raising productivity, for conservation of energy and environment, for people centred developement, and for sel-freliance, Monistic Vrs. Pluralistic views of S & T and newly emerging alternative views of S & T and corresponding models of development.

Case studies of technologies to solve specific developmental problems.


A. Rahman, Science and Technology in , NISTADS, 1984.

A.V. Desai (ed.), Technology Absorption and Development in Indian Industry, Wiley Eastern, 1989.

Bipin Behari, Unemployment, Technology and Rural Poverty, Vikas, 1983.

D.P. Chattopadhyay, History of Science and Technology in Ancient , Firma KIM,1986.

V.T. Raju, Impact of New Agricultural Technology of Firm Income Distribution and Employment, National publishing House, 1988.

Ashis Nandy (ed)., Tradition, Tyranny and Utopias, Oxford University Press, 1987.

C. Boyle, P. Wheale and B. Sturgess, People, Science and Technology, Wheatsheaf Books, 1984.