The Scientific approach, Problem formulation, hypothesis building, variable identification.
Field Research methods, the Case Method, The Empirical Method. Data Base, Scaling Techniques. Check list and Questionnaires, Interviews, Observational and Archival Data.
Elements of quantitative, policy research.
Qualitative Research Techniques: Ethnographic methods, PRA techniques, Participant observation.
Phenomenological, Hermeneutic and Linguistic methods in Social Sciences, De-constructive and Semiotic Methods, Genealogical Methods, Critique of Ideology.
Howard, G. S., Basic Research Methods in Social Sciences, Scott Foreman and Company, 1985.
Kidder, L. H. and Judd, C.M., Research Method in Social Relations, CBS college Publishing, 1986.
Kothari, C. R., Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Wiley Eastern, New , 1985.
Kurian, C. T., (Ed.), A Guide to Research in Economics, Sangam Publishers, , 1973.
Chaudhary, C. M., Research Methodology, RBSA Publishers, Jaipur, 1991.
Sebeok, T. A., (Ed.), The Semiotic Web, , , 1987.
Picterse, J. N., Development Theory: Deconstruction and Reconstruction, Vistar Books, Sage, , 2001.