Sarmistha Pattanaik

Associate Professor
  • PhD (2001-2006) Centre for the Study of Social Systems, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi.
  • M. Phil (1999-2001) Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi.
  • M.A. (1997-1999) Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi

2015 onward, Associate Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT, Bombay.

2008- 2015, Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT, Bombay.  

2006-2008, (Core Faculty), Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development (CISED), Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) , Bangalore.

Research Interests: 

Development Studies, Political Ecology, Risk, Vulnerability and Environmental Justice, Wetlands and Coastal commons, Urban Ecology

Courses Taught: 

Current Teaching:

HS 629- Ecology, Development and Society

HS 605- Research Methodology

HS 200- Environmental Studies

HS 601- Development planning and Policies- Issues & Alternatives

HS 412- Social movements and Social Change: Contemporary Reflections

Past Teaching:

HS 307- Introduction to Sociology

HS 602- Science and Technology in India's Development

HS 603- Socio-psychological approaches to Development and Change

HS 804- Advance Theory of Society

Past Teaching in other institutions

Guest faculty, Habitat School, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, July-August 2010 (Course: Sustainable Development and Environment).

Training courses at CISED, ISEC, Bangalore (2006-2008), (Course: Environment and Rural Development)


Books and Monographs  

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. The Troubled Shore: Conflict and Resistance Movement in the Wetlands of Odisha, India.  Winshied Press, Delhi, India (2016).

Manuscript under review

  •  (Manuscript under signed contract with Routledge, U.K): Pattanaik, Sarmistha and Amrita Sen. Contested landscapes and regional political   ecologies of environmental conflicts in India. (ed.)( To be published : June 2022, tentatively)
  • Pattanaik, Sarmistha. Governance in the Sociology of Natural Resources in the Post-Liberalization phase: Issues and Perspectives from India , Orient Blackswan (ed.) (Forthcoming: December, 2021)

Articles in Referred journals

Huque Sana, Sarmistha Pattanaik and D. Parthasarathy,  “Cityscape Transformation and the Temporal Metamorphosis of East Kolkata Wetlands: A Political Ecology Perspective”, Sociological Bulletin, Vo. 69 (1) pp1-18, April, 2020)

Madhanagopal Devendraraj and Sarmistha Pattanaik ,“Exploring fishermen’s local knowledge and perceptions in the face of climate change: the case of coastal Tamil Nadu, India”, Environment , Development and Sustainability,  Vol. 22. Pages 3461–3489(2020)  (Springer Nature), ( April, 2019).

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘A Paradox of the “Community”: Contemporary Processes of Participatory Forest Conservation in the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve (SBR) Region of West Bengal’. J. of Environmental Sociology, Vol 19 (1), Pp-  33-46 (Taylor and Francis), (2019).

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘The Political Agenda of Implementing Forest Rights Act 2006: Evidences from Indian Sundarban’. Environment Development and Sustainability, Vol. 21, pages 2355–2376 (Springer Nature), (March, 2018).

Sen Amrita and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘How Can Traditional Livelihoods Find a Place in Contemporary Conservation Politics debates in India? Understanding Community Perspectives in Sundarban, West Bengal’. Journal of Political Ecology 24: 861-880.  (2017)

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘Community Based Natural Resource Management in the Sundarbans: Implications of Customary Rights, Law and Practices’. Economic and Political Weekly .52 (29): 93-104. (2017)

Chauhan, Hemant Kumar, D. Parthasarathy and Sarmistha Pattanaik, “Development, Environmental Vulnerability and CRZ Violations in India: Their Impacts on the Fishing Communities and their sustainability implications in Mumbai Coast”,  Environment, Development and Sustainability. (Springer), Vol 19, (3):  971-985. (28th March 2016).

Chauhan Hemant Kumar, D. Parthasarathy and Sarmistha Pattanaik, “Coastal ecology and fishing community in Mumbai: CRZ policy, Sustainability and Livelihoods”, Economic and Political Weekly. Vol  LI, (39): 48-57. (2016)

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘Politics of Biodiversity Conservation and Socio Ecological Conflicts in a City: The Case of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai’. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 29 (2): 305-326 (Springer). (2016)

Huque Sana, Sarmistha Pattanaik and D. Parthasarathy, “Are Sustainable Cities “sustainable " for the poor ? A  study of Calcutta in eastern India “, Sociologia Urbana e Rural journal.  Urban Spaces Production, Sustainability and Participation. Vol.38, (109): 9-22. (2016)

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, “Alienation, conflict and conservation in the protected areas of urban  Metropolis: A Case study of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai”, Sociological Bulletin.  Vol. 64, (3) (September – December 2015).

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik,Degradation of Commons, Changing Customary Rights and Marginalization: The Vulnerability of the Poor in the Sundarbans’. Research Process. Vol.3, (2). : 38-47. (July-Dec 2015).

Huque Sana, Sarmistha Pattanaik and D. Parthasarathy, “ Individualization of the public space: The Other-ing of the poor in our cities”, Journal of Development Management and Communication,  Vol II, (3),  (ISSN2348-7739) (July-September 2015)

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, “Current Rehabilitation Status over the Issues of Displacement at Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai: Some Observations, The Journal of Political Studies, Vol 8, October. (2013)

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. “Indian Environmentalism and Gandhian Values: The Relevance of Satyagraha in Contemporary Environmental Movements in India”, Journal of Gandhi Marg. Vol 29, No.4. (January-March 2008).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. “Conservation of Environment and Protection of Marginalized fishing Communities of Lake Chilika in Orissa, India”, Journal of Human Ecology, Vol 22, (4):  291-302. (2007).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. ‘Development, Globalization and the Rise of a Grassroots Environmental Movement: The Case of Chilika Bachao Andolan (CBA) in eastern India”, The Indian Journal of Public Administration, Vol. XLIX, (1): 55-65. (2003).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. “Tradition, Development and Environmental Movement of the Marginalized”, Indian Anthropologist, Indian Anthropological Association, Delhi, Vol. 33, (1).  (2003).

Book Chapters in referred volumes & Conference Proceedings

Chauhan Hemant Kumar, D. Parthasarathy and Sarmistha Pattanaik “Coastal environmental Vulnerability: Sustainability and Fisher Livelihoods in Mumbai”, India , In Heidkamp, Patrick C. and Morrissey John (ed.), Towards Coastal Resilience and Sustainability (295-308). Oxon: Routledge (2019).

Sen Amrita, and Sarmistha Pattanaik, ‘Communities in a “Protected” Urban Space and Conservation Politics in Mumbai’s Sanjay Gandhi National Park’. In J. Mukherjee (ed.), Sustainable Urbanization in India: Challenges and Opportunities (pp. 257-278). Singapore: Springer (2018).

Pattanaik Sarmistha  “Development or Disaster? Land acquisition and dispossession in the mining belts and coastal zones of rural Odisha”, In Sony Pellissery, Benjamin Davy, Harvey M. Jacobs (eds.), Land Policies in India: Promises, Practices and Challenges, (pp. 105-126). Singapore: Springer (2017).

Pattanaik Sarmistha “ Indigenous Communities, Livelihoods and Displacemnet due to Iron Ore Mining in Odisha”, In S. Sankaran Chair (Rural Labour) (ed),  Adivasis in  India: Resources, Livelihoods and Institutions. (pp 176- 194). New Delhi: Bloomsbury  Publisher International (2016).

Sen, Amrita and  Sarmistha Pattanaik ‘Conservation and Conflict over Natural Resources within the Protected Areas: the Issue of Displacement and Rehabilitation centring Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai’. In M. Slariya and P. Jha (eds.), Socio- Ecological Aspects of Development and Climate Change (pp. 174-194). Saarbrucken, Germany: Scholars’ Press. (2015).

Chauhan, Hemant Kumar, D. Parthasarathy and Sarmistha Pattanaik “Evidence based Management of Coastal Zone and CRZ Violations in Mumbai: Urgency of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan (ICZMP) in Maharashtra”,  In book Proceeding, Evidence Based Management Vol.1’, (Pp.546-551). Excellent Publishing House: New Delhi, ISBN- 978-93-84935-18-4 (2015).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha “Impact of Mining on Water and Human Health: A Case Study of Baitarani River Ecosystem in Orissa”, In  Anjal Prakash, Saravanan & Jayati Chourey (ed), Interlacing Water and Human Health: Case Studies from South Asia. Sage: Delhi (2012). Pattanaik, Sarmistha, “Does Environmental Degradation Excalate Naxalite violence  in India: Some Reflections from Orissa”, In Pradip Basu (ed. Vol). Discourses on Naxalite Movement (1967-2009): Insights into Radical Left Politics. Setu Prakashani . Kolkata (2010).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. “What role does ethics play in adaptation and mitigation? Debates and discussions in Indian context”, Regions and the Environment, Regional Studies Association, Seaford, U.K.November 2010., ISBN NO- 978-1-897721-38-4.128-130. (Conference proceedings of the Regional Studies Association Winter Conference (November 2010, London).

Pattanaik, Sarmistha. (Working Paper) “Commercialization of Shrimp Trade, Environment and Rural Poverty: A Socio-Ecological Exploration in Coastal Orissa” (Working Paper Series No- E/274/2006) Institute of Economic Growth (IEG), Delhi (Dec, 2006).


Recent conference presentations and Public Talks

Webinar on Eco-feminism: Varying Perspectives, organized by Green Crusaders and Green Peace, Kolkata. (17th October, 2020).

‘Save Chilika Movement’: Understanding the role of collective action and resistance to wetlands conservation through the Political Ecology discourse’, International Seminar ‘Social and Political movements in Odisha: Past and Present’  by the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT-Kanpur ( 21-23 February 2018).

Public Lecture ‘Contemporary Displacement: A Sociological Perspective ’ UGC National Seminar on ‘Displacement in India: Current focus” St Andrew's College, University of  Mumbai , (20th February, 2016).

“The Social-Ecological nexus of inequality and Environmental crisis: Challenges for sustainability and social justice- A North-South dimension”, ICSSR-NWO joint seminar “Comparative perspectives on Growing Socio-Economic Inequalities in India and Europe, Bangalore, (08-09 February 2017).

“Land law, Land Rights and Land Acquisition in a Neo-liberal state: Critical perspectives”, National Conference on ‘Environmental Governance in the Post-Liberalization Phase in India: Challenges for Sustainability and Social Justice’ (ICSSR Sponsored), Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, IIT, Bombay, (23-24 January/2017).

“Mining, Land acquisition and Tribal Rights: Does FRA Secure that?”, National Seminar on Governance, Resources and Livelihoods of Adivasis in India; Implementation of PESA and FRA”  National Institute of Rural development & Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), Hyderabad, (18-19 November 2016).

“On Predatory Development: Ecological crisis, conflicts and challenges of Displacement and marginalization in Contemporary India- observations from Odisha”, National conference on Reframing the Environment: Resources, Risk & Resistance in Neoliberal India,  Department of Sociology, University of Mumbai, (21st & 22nd January, 2016).

“Role of political economy and conflict over Nature in the global south: A Sociological perspective”, 18th  International Conference  on “The Wider Significance of nature”,”   Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha, (22-23 December 2015).

“Understanding the Nexus between ‘Eminent Domain’, Land Acquisition and Displacement in India: Contemporary reflections in Odisha state”, First South Asian Regional Conference of the Academic Association of Planning, Law and Property Rights (PLPR),  National Law School of India University, Bangalore, (1-3 Sept 2015).

“Indigenous communities, Livelihoods and Displacement due to iron-ore mining in Odisha: A Socio-ecological approach” National Seminar on Labour Market and Issues of Adivasis in India), at NIRD&PR, Hyderabad, (January 22-23, 2015).

 ‘Chilika Lake in Odisha’, ICSSR-NOW Workshop on ‘Geographies of fisher response to new claims on coastal space and resources in India, at IIT/Bombay, (April 16-18, 2014).

 “Displaced by Development: Does Compensation bring them justice?”, National Seminar on ‘Frontiers of Development Practices in India: Reconfiguring the Development of Underdevelopment’ at Department of Sociology, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha, (April, 13- 14 ,  2013).

Past conference presentations

 “New Social Movements (NSMs) and India’s Development Discourse: A Contemporary Focus”, at the International workshop on Understanding Global India: The South Asian path of Development and its possibilities ,  Kyoto City International Foundation, Kyoto, Japan, (29-30 January 2011).

“What role does ethics play in adaptation and mitigation? Debates and discussions in Indian context”, Regional Studies Association , Winter Conference 2010 on Regions and the Environment, Resource Centre, Regional Studies Association, London, U.K (November 26, 2010).

“Climate change ethics and applied environmental ethics: A vision and  action for the emergent practical environmental problems around the globe”, Integrating Development and Climate Change Ethics, Pennsylvania State University,  USA, (April 14-16, 2010).

Public lecture  “Cultural and Ethical Perspective of Eco-Consciousness in Asia: Experiences from India”, Department of Anthropology and Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities, Naznan University, Nagoya, JAPAN. (08th October 2009).

“The Fishing culture of the Indian Coastal Fishermen: Studies in Cultural Ecology, Ethnography and Folklore”, presented in the panel- Humanity, Development and Cultural Diversity among the Fisher-folk,  16th World Congress of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES 2009), Kunming, Yunnan Province, South West of China, China, (July 27-31, 2009).

“Examining the  Sociology of Development induced Displacement, Rehabilitation and State-managed Dispossession in Eastern Rural India”, presented at the  82nd Annual Conference of Japan Sociological Society, University of Rikkyo, Tokyo, JAPAN, (October 11-12, 2009).

‘Environmental Knowledge System, Development and Culture” presented at the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of AICAS and National Conference on “Cultural Diversity, Technology and Development” Ananthakrishan Iyer International centre for Anthropological Studies (AICAS), Palakkad, Kerala, (February 15-17, 2009).     

“Impact of mining on Water and Human Health: The Case of Baitarani Ecosystem in Orissa” Reader’s Workshop on Water and Health: South Asia Consortium for Interdisciplinary Water Resources Studies,  Hyderabad, (February 25-27, 2009).

“Understanding Conflict over Natural Resources: A Sociological Perspective” Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT/Bombay, (04th February 2009).

“Indian Environmentalism and Gandhian Values: The Relevance of Satyagraha in Contemporary Environmental Movements in India”, Satyagraha Centenary international Conference , Globalization of the Gandhian way: Sociology, Politics and Science of Satyagraha between 1906 & 2006 , Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, (November 13-16, 2007).

“Shrimp aquaculture Development and the Environment: Local livelihoods vs. Corporate Profits in East-coast India” at the Workshop “Sustainability of Indian Aquaculture Industry (Sustain-Aqua 07)”, Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, IIT, Kharagpur, W.B. (28-29 September 2007).

“Commercialization of Shrimp Trade, Environment, and Rural Poverty:  A Socio-Ecological Exploration in Coastal Orissa” Workshop  Trade, Environment and Poverty,  Institute of Economic Growth (IEG), Delhi University Enclave, Delhi, (18-19th August-2006).

“Globalization of Shrimp Culture in Chilika: its Socio-economic and Environmental Impact and People's response”, Seminar  Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development (CISED), ISEC Campus, Bangalore, (January 25, 2006).


Associate Faculty: Centre for Policy Studies (CPS) (

Associate Faculty: Centre for Urban Science and Engineering (C-USE) (

  • (Principal Investigator)- Seed Grant, IITB ‘Examining the Social and Ecological impacts of mining on water and human  health: A case study of Baitarani River Ecosystem in Orissa (completed, 2009-2012)



Recipient of Japan Sociological Society (JSS/ILC) Travel Grant and Best paper Award for Young Sociologists in the 82nd Anual Meeting of JSS, University  of Rikkyo, Tokyo,  (ISA)- 2009.


Associated with the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) Doctoral Fellowship, 2003-2006.



Student Co-ordinator in Global Studies Programme, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi , 2004.

 Other Professional Activities

Reviewer of the following journals

Journal of Maritime Studies (Springer)

Journal of Political Ecology

Journal of Environmental Sociology (Taylor and Francis)

Journal of American Anthropologist

Community Development Journal

MIDS journal RDC (Review of Development and Change) 

Reviewer of Manuscript /Books:

•       Cambridge University Press (India)- Manuscript titled ‘Despotic Democracy : Politics of Redundancy at the Frontier of Land Grab and Mining in India’, (2019)

•       Monograph- Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad , ‘Improving Livelihoods or Intensifying Poverty: Coal mining in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand’,  (2015).

•       Book- ‘Sociology, a Down to Earth approach’, Pearson Publishers (2014)

  1. Member of the Editorial Advisory Board: Journal of The Oriental Anthropologist (Sage)
  2. Article Editor- Journal of SAGE Open (Sage India)
Research Scholars: 

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Dr. Avijit Sahay –Study titled ‘local government structures and the social and cultural organizations of Majuli in mitigating the impacts of riverbank erosion in Assam through remote sensing and GIS’ (ongoing).

PhD scholars Graduated

  • Arun P.A, (2020) A Sociological study of Replacement Migration and Assimilation: The Case of Inter-State Migrants in Kerala.
  • Dibesh Deb Brahma, (2019) Land Laws and Conflicts in Tripura: A Scio-Historical perspective (Jointly with D. Parthasarathy).
  • Chandan Kaushal, (2019) ‘Water and Social Practices: An Anthropological exploration of meanings of water in Chamba valley in western Himalayas’.
  • Sana Huque, (2019) ‘Cityscape transformation and crisis of conservation: A Sociological study of East Kokata Wetlands (EKW)’, (Jointly with D. Parthasarathy) (Current Position: Senior Research Associate , Environment Support Group, Bangalore (
  • Devendraraj. M, (2019) ‘Vulnerability and Adaptation of Marine Fishers to Climate Change: A Study of Local Institutions in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu,’ (Current Position: Lecturer in the School of Sustainability, Xavier University, Bhubaneswar , Odisha).
  • Amrita Sen , (2018)‘Conservation Politics, Communities and Survival Crisis in the Protected Areas of Sunderban, West Bengal’. (Awarded: Excellence in Thesis Award, 2019) ; (Current Position: Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, W.B).
  • HemantKumar. A Chouhan , (2017) ‘CRZ Policy, Coastal Ecology and fishing community in Mumbai along with a focus on livelihoods and sustainability approach’ (jointly with D. Parthasarathy). (Current Position: Assistant Professor, Savitribai Phule Pune University).
  • Wagle Suchitra Sachin, (2016) ‘Transnational Health care: Case studies in Mumbai and Goa’ (Current Position: Senior Consultant with FHI 360. on the HIV- AIDS program with MDACS- Mumbai District Aids Control Society).

Current PhD Students

  • Ranjith K, ‘Environment as a Science: Towards a Post-Environmentalist Critique of Environmentalism in Kerala’, (jointly with N.C. Narayanan, CTARA)
  • Mohan Kumar Naik, ‘A sociological study of the legal aspects of Land Acquisition in India: The case of Rayagada district in Southern Odisha’.
  • K. Sowmya . ‘ Transformations of Urban Landscape in Anthropocene’ (jointly with D. Parthasarathy)
  • Amit Kumar Saurav: ‘Student politics and Mobilization in the context of Student Movements: A Sociological Study in Indian University Campuses’
  • Suchisree Chatterjee. ‘Forest as a Contested Space’
  • Tejendra Pratap Gautam. ‘Forest Rights Act and Public Policy’, (jointly with Satish Agnihotri, CTARA, IIT-B)
  • Rushikesh D Gawade, ‘Role of local government institutions in natural resource management and governance of the Ecologically Sensitive Zones in the Western Ghats’ (Tentative)
  • Janmejaya Mishra, ‘ Forest governance, policy history and Paradigm shift in FRA, 2006 (Tentative) (CPS, Jointly with D. Parthasarathy)

 M.Phil students Graduated

  • Veenu Kumari (2020)  The Pedagogic Discourse in the Institutional Context of School: A Sociological Study in Sonipat District, Haryana.
  • Kritika Singh: (2020) Urban Commons and Bourgeois Environmentalism: The Case of Mumbai.
  • Suchishree Chaterjee (2019) Forests and frontiers: A study of transformation of ecology and livelihood in tropical dry forest region of South Bengal’.
  • Baldevbhai Parmar (2019) Livelihood Insecurity and Tribal Rights: A study of ‘Kathodi’ tribe in Udaipur, Rajasthan’.
  • Abhishek Singh Patel (2019) ‘A comprehensive study of availability and accessibility of various agricultural inputs among different socio-economic groups leading to the making of agrarian crisis in Bundelkhand’
  • Prateexit Joshi (2018), ‘The Lives of Others: Forced Migrants and Refugees in India’
  • Marian Abraham (2017), ‘Social context of tribal elementary education: A Field study in two blocks of Palghar district’.
  • Sagar D. Ingle (2017), ‘Water sanitation and its impact on Human health among under-five children: A Case study of Diarrhea in Rural Buldhana district in Maharashtra’, (jointly with P.L. Trivedi).
  • Sagat kumar Shaunik (2016), ‘Exploring the Socio-Ecological Context of Uncertainty Narratives in Selected Regions of Flood Affected Areas in Mumbai’.
  • Deepali Singh (2016), ‘Role of Public Participation in EIA: A Socio-ecological Study of Navi Mumbai International Airport’.
  • Poonam Suresh Argade (2015), ‘Undercurrents: Unpacking Participatory Groundwater Governance in Maharashtra’ (jointly with N.C.Narayanan, CTARA).
  • Manav Brahmanand Khaire (2014), ‘Role of IT and MIS in SHG-Bank Linkage Program: Case study of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra’, (jointly with A. Ramanathan).
  • Mohan Kumar Naik (2014), ‘A Sociological study of the Resettlement and Rehabilitation of Displaced people: A Case Study of Kashipur block in southern Odisha’.
  • Amrita Sen (2013), ‘The Politics of Conservation and Conflict: A Case Study of Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai’.
  • Hemant Kumar Chauhan (2012), ‘Coastal Zone Management and Fishing Community in Mumbai’ (jointly with D. Parthasarathy). 
  • Pournnami Davy (2012), ‘A Comparative Study on the Use of Endosulfan between Sprayed and Non Sprayed Regions in Kasargod, Kerala’.
  • Nikita Kaul (2012), ‘Natural Resource Shifts and Crafts: Study of Wood Carving Industry in Saharanpur’ (jointly with D. Parthasarathy).
  • Nilesh Vilas Thube (2011), ‘Socio-Environmental Study of Health: A Case Study of Malaria In Mumbai Slums’, (jointly with   D. Parthasarathy). 
  • Shilpa Raman (2011), ‘Entrepreneurship in the informal sector: A study in Mumbai’.
  • Lay Smriti Guria (2011), ‘Water and Culture: Difference in Perception of Pollution in River Ganga - A Case Study of Kanpur’ (jointly with  N.C.Narayanan, CTARA). 
  • Arpita Chakravarty (2010), ‘Solid Waste Collection: A Study of Phule Nagar in Mumbai’(jointly with  K. Narayanan).