HS 493 : Sanskrit for Indian Science

(A) Grammar

(i)                  The alphabet, vowels, consonants � hard and soft, conjunct.

(ii)                The verbs:

 (a)    Parasmaipada and Atmanepada.  Ten conjugations.

 (b)   Present tense: Conjugations 1st, 4th, 6th and 10th.

 (c)    Passive and impersonal forms of the above conjugations.

 (d)   Imperfect tense of the above conjugations.

 (e)    Past and Present participles.

 (f)     Moods: Imperative and potential.  


(iii)               The Nouns: 

(a)    Eight cases and their uses.

 (b)   Masculine and neuter nouns ending in De, F, G, $e�

             (c)    Feminine nouns ending in Dee, F, F&, G, T,

(iv)              Adverbs and pronouns.

 The grammar will be illustrated with suitable examples.  Students are not expected to learn the grammar by heart.

(B) Excerpts from the text �Tarkasamgraha

Detailed reading of the excerpts will familiarise the student with the language and the modes of thought of the ancients.


Bhandarkar, R.G., First Book of Sanskrit, Keshav Bhikaji Dhawale, 47th Reprint, 1999.   

Athalya, Y.V. and Bodas, M.R (eds.), Tarkasamgraha of Annambhatta, The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, 1988.   

Dixitar et.al (Ed.)  Manasar (1924).   

Vaze, K.V. Prachina Hindi Shilpa-sastra Sara.  Varada Books, Pune, 1994.