The nature and functions of language: Language as social institution, arbitrary nature of language, symbolic nature of language, language as a tool, language as communicative, language and mind, language and thought, language and reality.
Meaning: word meaning and sentence meaning; reference and meaning, meaning and speech acts, emotive and prescriptive meanings; intention and meaning; meaning and use; discourse theory of meaning;
Reference: proper names, denoting words, logically proper names, referring expressions, definite descriptions, identifying expressions, rigid designators.
Martinich, A. P., Philosophy of language, Oxford University Press, 1985.
Alston, W. P., Philosophy of Language, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J. 1964.
Rosenburg, J. F and others (Eds.), Readings in the Philosophy of Language, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J. 1971.
Schwartz, S. P., Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds, Cornell University Press, 1977.